Reading Strategies

How to Make the Most of Your Reading Time

General strategies
• If the child is uncomfortable with reading aloud, suggest taking turns reading every other sentence, paragraph, or page.
• Allow the child to pick a book that interests them and is the correct difficulty—use the “Just Right” book selection strategy posted in the tutoring room.
• It’s okay to read to your student—all the way through high school.

Before you read—Prediction
Before you open the book, read the title and examine the cover together.  Flip through the book, looking at the illustrations.  Ask the child questions such as:

• Have you ever read another book by this author?
• What does the cover tell us about this story?
• What do you think will happen in this book?

As you read—Connection and Comprehension
Emphasize previous connections the child may have had with the subject matter.

• Has anything like this ever happened to you?
• What do you think will happen next? Why?

Check comprehension as you go along. If the child doesn’t understand what has happened in the story, re-read the passage.   Encourage students to use clues from the illustrations to help gain understanding.

If a child stumbles over a word, use sounding out as a last resort strategy. Instead, use context clues such as pictures to figure out the meaning of the word, especially with older readers.

Try to improve the child’s fluency by modeling what a difficult sentence sounds like—then have them repeat after you.  The best way to improve fluency is to read a text multiple times—so reading the book again is ok!

After you read—Summarize Information
After you have finished reading, ask the child basic questions about the text:

• What was the main idea?
• Who were the main characters?
• In your own words, what happened in the story?
• Which of your predictions were correct?

Remember to praise constantly!
Praise encourages confidence, which leads to better readers!
“Wow! I really loved the way you read that book to me!”

More Tips:  Ice Breakers — Nonviolent Communication — Tutor Tips to Help Kids Focus — Math — Literacy — Communicating with Your Program Coordinator — Tutor Impact